From 2020 all pensioners on the new pension scheme will access their lump sum payments from the managers of pension schemes other than the Social Security and National Insurance Trust (SSNIT).
By this, the state pension’s manager, SSNIT will only be mandated to pay monthly benefits to pensioners.
Employment and Labour Relations Minister, Ignatius Baffour Awuah who announced this indicated that the move is in fulfilment of the 10-year payment date spelt out in the laws establishing the three-tier pension scheme.
According to him, the exercise should improve access to funds to improve the welfare of pensioners who have mostly complained of the meagre claims received from the state pensions manager.
He made the remarks in an interview with Citi Business News on the sidelines of a roundtable discussion on Ghana’s pension scheme organized by the Institute for Fiscal Studies, IFS on Tuesday [June 2, 2019].
“Upon the retirement of any individual, the scheme that a person belongs to will pay the entitlement due the person. There are going to be two payments; SSNIT will continue to do the monthly payments but then the bulk payments will come from the defined scheme the person belongs to. So assuming I belong to hedge pension, it is the trustees of hedge pension that will ensure I get my defined pension because by that time I will even have foreknowledge of what I have contributed so far and the interest it has accrued,” he explained.
Application of three-tier pension scheme
Presently, the pension law establishes a three-tier pension scheme.
The first is a mandatory contribution paid to the state pension funds manager, the Social Security and National Insurance Trust.
The second tier is also a mandatory contribution which is paid to a private fund manager.
While the third is a voluntary contribution paid and managed by private managers.
The voluntary nature of the third tier has made it difficult to attract majority of workers in the informal sector.
Arguments to include allowances in pensionable salaries
The state pension funds manager has been criticized for the seeming meager entitlements of majority of pensioners.
This has also been partly blamed on the general low level of salaries in Ghana.
A former CEO of the NPRA, Daniel Aidoo Mensah is convinced that the situation could be improved if some allowances are included in the pensionable salaries.
But in response, the Director General of SSNIT, Dr. John Ofori Tenkorang stressed that the decision will have to be agreed on by both employers and employees so interested.
“These conversations have to be had and the engagement has to be done, because ironically employees because they have to pay 5.5%, they will connive with their employers because they don’t want to pay; they want it now,” he remarked.
The SSNIT boss added: “If you tell them they have to pay on their allowances they may hesitate to pay on that. Then you go to the employer who has to match 13% and they try and get away by paying over the table.”
Meanwhile the Director of Planning and Research at the NPRA, Ernest Amartey-Vondee tells Citi Business News the shift should improve the welfare of SSNIT contributors eventually.