The Fiscal Responsibility Act and the establishment of the Fiscal Council may not prevent the usual overspending that characterizes an election year, Dr Lord Mensah, an Economist, has said.
Dr .Mensah, who is a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Finance at the University of Ghana Business School, said history shows that election years have always experienced an increase in government expenditure.
He said although the Act and the Council have been put in place, this is likely not to stem the risk of overspending.
Parliament passed the Fiscal Responsibility Act, 2018 (Act 982), which is a home-grown fiscal measure tailored towards the country’s unique economic situation; and it charts a clear path for restoring fiscal discipline in public finances by setting a limit that prevents excessive spending, especially during election years as Ghana prepares for Presidential and Parliamentary polls later this year .
Then the government, in January 2019, established a seven-member Fiscal Responsibility Advisory Council to develop and recommend to the President, fiscal responsibility policies for the maintenance of prudent and sustainable levels of public debt.
The Council is to ensure that the fiscal balance is maintained at a sustainable level and the management of fiscal risks in a prudent manner, to achieve efficiency, effectiveness, and value for money in public expenditure.
However, Dr Mensah said checks he conducted, more than a year after the establishment of the Council, reveals that no financial commitment has been extended to it towards ensuring the effectiveness and efficiency of its role.
The Economist said the 2016 election year, however, did not experience much overspending due to the International Monetary Fund programme the country had signed up to at the time.
He said as indicated in the 2020 Budget Statement presented by Ken Ofori-Atta, the Minister for Finance in November last year, the government would be spending more of its revenue in infrastructure and that the tendency to overspend was high.
The massive infrastructure, which includes roads, school building to reduce the Gold and Green racking system in education and other facilities, he said, would increase government expenditure in the election year, hence the prediction for overspending.
In a similar projection, the Economist said, guided by history, the exchange rate was likely to shoot up as more imports come in and citizens keep their savings in the foreign currency.